IP Numbers -- Protocol 号

IP 头部有一个 8 bits 的字段 Protocol 用来指明其上层协议,下面是 IANA 分配的 IP 协议字段号

协议号 协议关键字 协议 IPv6 头部扩展 参考
0 HOPOPT IPv6 Hop-by-Hop Option Y [RFC8200]
1 ICMP Internet Control Message   [RFC792]
2 IGMP Internet Group Management   [RFC1112]
3 GGP Gateway-to-Gateway   [RFC823]
4 IPv4 IPv4 encapsulation   [RFC2003]
5 ST Stream   [RFC1190][RFC1819]
6 TCP Transmission Control   [RFC793]
7 CBT CBT   [Tony_Ballardie]
8 EGP Exterior Gateway Protocol   [RFC888][David_Mills]
9 IGP any private interior gateway (used by Cisco for their IGRP)   [Internet_Assigned_Numbers_Authority]
10 BBN-RCC-MON BBN RCC Monitoring   [Steve_Chipman]
11 NVP-II Network Voice Protocol   [RFC741][Steve_Casner]
12 PUP PUP   [Boggs, D., J. Shoch, E. Taft, and R. Metcalfe, “PUP: An Internetwork Architecture”, XEROX Palo Alto Research Center, CSL-79-10, July 1979; also in IEEE Transactions on Communication, Volume COM-28, Number 4, April 1980.][[XEROX]]
13 ARGUS (deprecated) ARGUS   [Robert_W_Scheifler]
15 XNET Cross Net Debugger   [Haverty, J., “XNET Formats for Internet Protocol Version 4”, IEN 158, October 1980.][Jack_Haverty]
16 CHAOS Chaos   [J_Noel_Chiappa]
17 UDP User Datagram   [RFC768][Jon_Postel]
18 MUX Multiplexing   [Cohen, D. and J. Postel, “Multiplexing Protocol”, IEN 90, USC/Information Sciences Institute, May 1979.][Jon_Postel]
19 DCN-MEAS DCN Measurement Subsystems   [David_Mills]
20 HMP Host Monitoring   [RFC869][Bob_Hinden]
21 PRM Packet Radio Measurement   [Zaw_Sing_Su]
22 XNS-IDP XEROX NS IDP   [“The Ethernet, A Local Area Network: Data Link Layer and Physical Layer Specification”, AA-K759B-TK, Digital Equipment Corporation, Maynard, MA. Also as: “The Ethernet - A Local Area Network”, Version 1.0, Digital Equipment Corporation, Intel Corporation, Xerox Corporation, September 1980. And: “The Ethernet, A Local Area Network: Data Link Layer and Physical Layer Specifications”, Digital, Intel and Xerox, November 1982. And: XEROX, “The Ethernet, A Local Area Network: Data Link Layer and Physical Layer Specification”, X3T51/80-50, Xerox Corporation, Stamford, CT., October 1980.][[XEROX]]
23 TRUNK-1 Trunk-1   [Barry_Boehm]
24 TRUNK-2 Trunk-2   [Barry_Boehm]
25 LEAF-1 Leaf-1   [Barry_Boehm]
26 LEAF-2 Leaf-2   [Barry_Boehm]
27 RDP Reliable Data Protocol   [RFC908][Bob_Hinden]
28 IRTP Internet Reliable Transaction   [RFC938][Trudy_Miller]
29 ISO-TP4 ISO Transport Protocol Class 4   [RFC905][]
30 NETBLT Bulk Data Transfer Protocol   [RFC969][David_Clark]
31 MFE-NSP MFE Network Services Protocol   [Shuttleworth, B., “A Documentary of MFENet, a National Computer Network”, UCRL-52317, Lawrence Livermore Labs, Livermore, California, June 1977.][Barry_Howard]
32 MERIT-INP MERIT Internodal Protocol   [Hans_Werner_Braun]
33 DCCP Datagram Congestion Control Protocol   [RFC4340]
34 3PC Third Party Connect Protocol   [Stuart_A_Friedberg]
35 IDPR Inter-Domain Policy Routing Protocol   [Martha_Steenstrup]
36 XTP XTP   [Greg_Chesson]
37 DDP Datagram Delivery Protocol   [Wesley_Craig]
38 IDPR-CMTP IDPR Control Message Transport Proto   [Martha_Steenstrup]
39 TP++ TP++ Transport Protocol   [Dirk_Fromhein]
40 IL IL Transport Protocol   [Dave_Presotto]
41 IPv6 IPv6 encapsulation   [RFC2473]
42 SDRP Source Demand Routing Protocol   [Deborah_Estrin]
43 IPv6-Route Routing Header for IPv6 Y [Steve_Deering]
44 IPv6-Frag Fragment Header for IPv6 Y [Steve_Deering]
45 IDRP Inter-Domain Routing Protocol   [Sue_Hares]
46 RSVP Reservation Protocol   [RFC2205][RFC3209][Bob_Braden]
47 GRE Generic Routing Encapsulation   [RFC2784][Tony_Li]
48 DSR Dynamic Source Routing Protocol   [RFC4728]
49 BNA BNA   [Gary Salamon]
50 ESP Encap Security Payload Y [RFC4303]
51 AH Authentication Header Y [RFC4302]
52 I-NLSP Integrated Net Layer Security TUBA   [K_Robert_Glenn]
53 SWIPE (deprecated) IP with Encryption   [John_Ioannidis]
54 NARP NBMA Address Resolution Protocol   [RFC1735]
55 MOBILE IP Mobility   [Charlie_Perkins]
56 TLSP Transport Layer Security Protocol using Kryptonet key management   [Christer_Oberg]
57 SKIP SKIP   [Tom_Markson]
58 IPv6-ICMP ICMP for IPv6   [RFC8200]
59 IPv6-NoNxt No Next Header for IPv6   [RFC8200]
60 IPv6-Opts Destination Options for IPv6 Y [RFC8200]
61   any host internal protocol   [Internet_Assigned_Numbers_Authority]
62 CFTP CFTP   [Forsdick, H., “CFTP”, Network Message, Bolt Beranek and Newman, January 1982.][Harry_Forsdick]
63   any local network   [Internet_Assigned_Numbers_Authority]
64 SAT-EXPAK SATNET and Backroom EXPAK   [Steven_Blumenthal]
65 KRYPTOLAN Kryptolan   [Paul Liu]
66 RVD MIT Remote Virtual Disk Protocol   [Michael_Greenwald]
67 IPPC Internet Pluribus Packet Core   [Steven_Blumenthal]
68   any distributed file system   [Internet_Assigned_Numbers_Authority]
69 SAT-MON SATNET Monitoring   [Steven_Blumenthal]
70 VISA VISA Protocol   [Gene_Tsudik]
71 IPCV Internet Packet Core Utility   [Steven_Blumenthal]
72 CPNX Computer Protocol Network Executive   [David Mittnacht]
73 CPHB Computer Protocol Heart Beat   [David Mittnacht]
74 WSN Wang Span Network   [Victor Dafoulas]
75 PVP Packet Video Protocol   [Steve_Casner]
76 BR-SAT-MON Backroom SATNET Monitoring   [Steven_Blumenthal]
77 SUN-ND SUN ND PROTOCOL-Temporary   [William_Melohn]
78 WB-MON WIDEBAND Monitoring   [Steven_Blumenthal]
79 WB-EXPAK WIDEBAND EXPAK   [Steven_Blumenthal]
80 ISO-IP ISO Internet Protocol   [Marshall_T_Rose]
81 VMTP VMTP   [Dave_Cheriton]
82 SECURE-VMTP SECURE-VMTP   [Dave_Cheriton]
83 VINES VINES   [Brian Horn]
84 TTP Transaction Transport Protocol   [Jim_Stevens]
84 IPTM Internet Protocol Traffic Manager   [Jim_Stevens]
85 NSFNET-IGP NSFNET-IGP   [Hans_Werner_Braun]
86 DGP Dissimilar Gateway Protocol   [M/A-COM Government Systems, “Dissimilar Gateway Protocol Specification, Draft Version”, Contract no. CS901145, November 16, 1987.][Mike_Little]
87 TCF TCF   [Guillermo_A_Loyola]
88 EIGRP EIGRP   [RFC7868]
89 OSPFIGP OSPFIGP   [RFC1583][RFC2328][RFC5340][John_Moy]
90 Sprite-RPC Sprite RPC Protocol   [Welch, B., “The Sprite Remote Procedure Call System”, Technical Report, UCB/Computer Science Dept., 86/302, University of California at Berkeley, June 1986.][Bruce Willins]
91 LARP Locus Address Resolution Protocol   [Brian Horn]
92 MTP Multicast Transport Protocol   [Susie_Armstrong]
93 AX.25 AX.25 Frames   [Brian_Kantor]
94 IPIP IP-within-IP Encapsulation Protocol   [John_Ioannidis]
95 MICP (deprecated) Mobile Internetworking Control Pro.   [John_Ioannidis]
96 SCC-SP Semaphore Communications Sec. Pro.   [Howard_Hart]
97 ETHERIP Ethernet-within-IP Encapsulation   [RFC3378]
98 ENCAP Encapsulation Header   [RFC1241][Robert_Woodburn]
99   any private encryption scheme   [Internet_Assigned_Numbers_Authority]
100 GMTP GMTP   [[RXB5]]
101 IFMP Ipsilon Flow Management Protocol   [Bob_Hinden][November 1995, 1997.]
102 PNNI PNNI over IP   [Ross_Callon]
103 PIM Protocol Independent Multicast   [RFC7761][Dino_Farinacci]
104 ARIS ARIS   [Nancy_Feldman]
105 SCPS SCPS   [Robert_Durst]
106 QNX QNX   [Michael_Hunter]
107 A/N Active Networks   [Bob_Braden]
108 IPComp IP Payload Compression Protocol   [RFC2393]
109 SNP Sitara Networks Protocol   [Manickam_R_Sridhar]
110 Compaq-Peer Compaq Peer Protocol   [Victor_Volpe]
111 IPX-in-IP IPX in IP   [CJ_Lee]
112 VRRP Virtual Router Redundancy Protocol   [RFC5798]
113 PGM PGM Reliable Transport Protocol   [Tony_Speakman]
114   any 0-hop protocol   [Internet_Assigned_Numbers_Authority]
115 L2TP Layer Two Tunneling Protocol   [RFC3931][Bernard_Aboba]
116 DDX D-II Data Exchange (DDX)   [John_Worley]
117 IATP Interactive Agent Transfer Protocol   [John_Murphy]
118 STP Schedule Transfer Protocol   [Jean_Michel_Pittet]
119 SRP SpectraLink Radio Protocol   [Mark_Hamilton]
120 UTI UTI   [Peter_Lothberg]
121 SMP Simple Message Protocol   [Leif_Ekblad]
122 SM (deprecated) Simple Multicast Protocol   [Jon_Crowcroft][draft-perlman-simple-multicast]
123 PTP Performance Transparency Protocol   [Michael_Welzl]
124 ISIS over IPv4     [Tony_Przygienda]
125 FIRE     [Criag_Partridge]
126 CRTP Combat Radio Transport Protocol   [Robert_Sautter]
127 CRUDP Combat Radio User Datagram   [Robert_Sautter]
128 SSCOPMCE     [Kurt_Waber]
129 IPLT     [[Hollbach]]
130 SPS Secure Packet Shield   [Bill_McIntosh]
131 PIPE Private IP Encapsulation within IP   [Bernhard_Petri]
132 SCTP Stream Control Transmission Protocol   [Randall_R_Stewart]
133 FC Fibre Channel   [Murali_Rajagopal][RFC6172]
134 RSVP-E2E-IGNORE     [RFC3175]
135 Mobility Header   Y [RFC6275]
136 UDPLite     [RFC3828]
137 MPLS-in-IP     [RFC4023]
138 manet MANET Protocols   [RFC5498]
139 HIP Host Identity Protocol Y [RFC7401]
140 Shim6 Shim6 Protocol Y [RFC5533]
141 WESP Wrapped Encapsulating Security Payload   [RFC5840]
142 ROHC Robust Header Compression   [RFC5858]
143-252   Unassigned   [Internet_Assigned_Numbers_Authority]
253   Use for experimentation and testing Y [RFC3692]
254   Use for experimentation and testing Y [RFC3692]
255 Reserved     [Internet_Assigned_Numbers_Authority]
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